Aprender a vivir con un órgano trasplantado.

Palabras clave: Trasplante de riñón, insuficiencia renal crónica, hermenéutica, investigación cualitativa

Resumen

Introducción: La insuficiencia Renal Crónica es una enfermedad silenciosa, cuando los síntomas aparecen la persona debe ingresar a una Terapia dialítica y/o iniciar el proceso del trasplante renal. El trasplante produce una mejoría en la calidad de vida de las personas enfermas. Objetivo: Analizar de manera comprensiva la experiencia vivida por personas con Insuficiencia Renal Crónica que han sido trasplantadas y los significados del cuidado de la salud elaborados por los familiares que interactúan con estas personas. Método: Estudio cualitativo, fenomenológico-hermenéutico, empleando el referente teórico de Van Manen, 11 personas enfermas y 5 cuidadores participaron en el estudio, en la ciudad de Neiva; información recolectada a través de entrevistas en profundidad. Resultados: Al realizar el análisis emergió el tema “la esperanza de una segunda oportunidad, aprender a vivir con un órgano trasplantado”, construido alrededor de los siguientes subtemas compartidos entre las personas enfermas y los cuidadores: la donación como un regalo de Dios, la llamada que anuncia el trasplante, reconocer la finitud del órgano y volver a nacer con el trasplante. Conclusiones: La donación es un obsequio, que se espera pacientemente en el tiempo para poner fin a un tratamiento que produce miedo y desesperación. Esta alternativa de tratamiento los lleva a volver a nacer y a recuperar la vida que han perdido por el tratamiento dialítico, aunque reconozcan que este es finito.

Learning to live with a transplanted organ.

Abstract

Introduction: Chronic kidney disease is an asymptomatic disease; when symptoms appear, the person has to receive dialysis and/or initiate the process of kidney transplantation. This transplant allows a better life quality of people with this disease. Objective: Analyze, in a comprehensive way, the experience of people with chronic kidney disease that have a transplant and the significance of the health care provided by the family members that interact with them. Method: Qualitative, hermeneutic phenomenological study, using the theoretical method of Van Manen, where 11 people with the disease and 5 caregivers participated in the study, made in the city on Neiva-Colombia, with information recollected from in-depth interviews. Results: When doing the analysis the subject “hopes for a second opportunity, learning to live with an organ transplant” emerged, built around the following subcategories shared between people with the disease and the caregivers: donation as a gift of God, the call that anounces the transplant, recognizing the finitude of the organ and being reborn with the trasnplant. Conclusions: Donation if a gift that is waited on patiently through time, to put an end to a treatment that generates fear and desperation. This treatment alternative allows patients to be reborn and get back the life they have lost due to dialysis, although recognizing that this is finite

Biografía del autor/a

Claudia Andrea Ramírez, Universidad Surcolombiana

Enfermera, Magister en Enfermería. Doctora en Enfermería. Docente. Facultad de Salud, Universidad Surcolombiana. Correo: clauram1@hotmail.com. Neiva, Colombia.

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Cómo citar
Ramírez, C. A. (2019). Aprender a vivir con un órgano trasplantado. Revista Ciencia Y Cuidado, 16(3), 93-102. https://doi.org/10.22463/17949831.1596

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Publicado
2019-09-01
Sección
Artículos de Investigación