Master Plan Contribution Evaluation in the construction of urban resilience and sustainability in the city of Bogota

Master Plan Contribution Evaluation in the construction of urban resilience and sustainability in the city of Bogota

Contenido principal del artículo

Laura Ximena Hernandez Velez

Resumen

In the last century, the world has become an “urban world” and the cities began to concentrate a larger number of people (with over of 50% of global population living in the cities). Currently, the social-environmental challenges that the cities face, drive new alternatives to the contemporary urban planning. In those conditions, it is expected than the cities become the centers of changes and they find new possibilities in the urban planning field taking into account the concepts of resilience and sustainability during the elaboration of municipal policies. This case study research was conducted in the city of Bogota, capital of Colombia, and evaluated the Master Plan - MP (as instrument of urban planning), and the commitment to this plan, with the construction of resilience in a highly susceptible city to climate change. Also included many challenges such as, population dynamics, sprawling around the rural areas, mobility problems and infrastructure deficiencies, each one of them with the necessity of attention from the planning point of view. The objective of this research is to know in a qualitative way, whether the Master Plan has an orientation and how can this contribute to the construction of urban resilience. The methodolo- gy was developed in a previous research by Lemos (2010) and involved categories of sustainability and resilience, with the possible impacts of the actions described in the Plan. After the implementation of the methodology and the revision of the Plan, the results shown that the Plan is targeted to the resilience. However, its contribution is fragile in the definition of joint actions in the different levels of political power.

KEYWORDS: Resilience; urban planning; climate changes; urban planning policies

En el último siglo, el mundo se volvió un “mundo urbano” y las ciudades pasaron a concentrar un mayor número de personas (con más del 50% de la población mundial residiendo en las ciudades). Actualmente, los desafíos socioambientales que las ciudades enfrentan, impulsan nuevas alternativas para el planeamiento urbano actual. En esas condiciones se espera que las ciudades se conviertan en el centro de cambios y encuentren nuevas posibilidades en el área del planeamiento urbano teniendo en cuenta los aspectos de la resiliencia e la sostenibilidad durante la elaboración de la Política Municipal. Esta pesquisa se trata de un estudio de caso realizado en la ciudad de Bogotá, capital de Colombia, que evaluó el Plan de Ordenamiento Territorial – POT (como instrumento de planeamiento municipal) y el compromiso del mismo, con la construcción de resiliencia en una ciudad altamente susceptible al cambio climático, con muchos desafíos, como las dinámicas poblacionales, la expansión a lo largo de áreas rurales, problemas de movilidad y deficiencia en la infraestructura, cada uno con una necesidad de atención por parte de planeamiento en cuestión.. El objetivo de la investigación es conocer cualitativamente, si el Plan tiene una orientación y puede contribuir en la construcción de resiliencia urbana. La metodología usada fue desarrollada en la pesquisa previa de Lemos (2010) e involucra categorías de sostenibilidad y resiliencia, con los posibles efectos de las acciones descritas en el Plan. Después de la aplicación metodológica y la revisión del Plan, los resultados demostraron que el Plan está orientado para la resiliencia, sin embargo su contribución es frágil en la definición de acciones conjuntas en diferentes niveles del poder político.

PALABRAS - CHAVE

Resiliencia; planea- miento urbano; cambio climático; políticas de planeamiento urbano.

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