Localización Electrónica en Nanohilos con Estructura Núcleo-Corteza en Presencia de Campos Externos

Electronic localization in Hexagonal Core-Shell Nanowires Under External Fields

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Angie Nicole Hernández-Durán
Willian Gutiérrez-Niño
David Alejandro Miranda-Mercado


A partir de la aproximación de electrón libre dentro de un semiconductor, se realizó análisis numérico del espectro energético y la densidad de probabilidad electrónica de un electrón dentro de un nanohilo hexagonal con estructura núcleo-corteza. En el análisis se consideró el efecto de aplicar un campo magnético en la dirección de crecimiento del nanohilo y se resolvió numéricamente la ecuación de Schrödinger para el electrón localizado en el plano transversal de la estructura en presencia del campo externo; los cálculos se realizaron por medio de elementos finitos implementados con COMSOL Multiphysics®. Los resultados obtenidos permitieron identificar capas energéticas, compuestas, cada una, de seis niveles. Estas capas se atribuyen a la geometría hexagonal conformada por seis pozos de potencial creados debido al abrupto cambio de dirección de los bordes de la estructura. Adicionalmente, se observaron las oscilaciones Aharonov-Bohm del sistema para una estructura con grosor significativo de la capa.

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