Dispositivo de alineación de muestras para el difractómetro de rayos X con control de posición e interfaz de manipulación

Dispositivo de alineación de muestras para el difractómetro de rayos X con control de posición e interfaz de manipulación

Contenido principal del artículo

Daniel Santiago Jiménez-Novoa
Johann Sebastián González-Bustamante
William Aperador-Chaparro

Resumen

 

En este artículo se detalla el diseño y fabricación de un prototipo mecánico que actúa como soporte de distintos tamaños de muestras para el análisis de difracción de rayos X, que controla la posición de la probeta, logrando una orientación precisa con respecto al haz de rayos X, esto beneficia al sector industrial en el desarrollo de nuevos proyectos con materiales al mejorar el desempeño de los mismos. El dispositivo requiere de la integración de distintos elementos mecánicos, electrónicos junto con conocimientos en el área programación para su correcto funcionamiento con el alto grado de precisión necesario para garantizar la posición de la muestra, a partir del diseño y la buena elección de los materiales en la fabricación. Se logró garantizar la precisión de la posición de la muestra a evaluar, por lo tanto, las partes mecánicas a utilizar en el prototipo deben ser de la mayor precisión que podamos obtener en este tipo de elementos según las medidas de la estructura.


Palabras clave: difracción de rayos X, diseño, precisión, electrónica.

 

Abstract


This article describes the design and manufacture of a mechanical prototype which acts to support different sizes of samples for the analysis of X-ray diffraction, which controls the position of the specimen, is detailed making accurate with respect to X-ray beam orientation this benefits the industry in the development of new projects with materials to improve the performance thereof. The device requires the integration of various mechanical, electronic elements with expertise in the programming area for proper operation with high degree of accuracy required to secure the position of the sample, from design and good choice of materials in the making. It managed to ensure the accuracy of the sample position to assess; therefore the mechanical parts used in the prototype should be as accurately as we can get in this kind of items as measured by the structure.

Keywords: X-Ray Diffraction, design, electronic, linear translation.

 

Resumo


Neste artigo detalha-se o design e fabricação de um protótipo mecânico que atua como suporte de diferentes tamanhos de amostras para a análise de difração de raios X, que controla a posição da proveta, logrando uma orientação precisa com respeito ao feixe de raios X, isto beneficia ao sector industrial no desenvolvimento de novos projetos com materiais ao melhorar o desempenho dos mesmos. O dispositivo requer da integração de diferentes elementos mecânicos, electrónicos junto com conhecimentos na área de programação para seu correto funcionamento com o alto grau de precisão necessário para garantir a posição da amostra, a partir do design e a boa eleição dos materiais na fabricação. Logrou-se garantir a precisão da posição da amostra a avaliar, portanto, as partes mecânicas a utilizar no protótipo devem ser da maior precisão que podamos obter neste tipo de elementos segundo as medidas da estrutura.


Palavras-chave: difração de raios X, design, precisão, electrónica.

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Detalles del artículo

Biografía del autor/a (VER)

Daniel Santiago Jiménez-Novoa, Universidad Militar Nueva Granada, Bogotá

Ingeniero Mecatrónico, Facultad de Ingeniería.

Johann Sebastián González-Bustamante, Universidad Militar Nueva Granada

Ingeniero Mecatrónico, Facultad de Ingeniería.

William Aperador-Chaparro, Universidad Militar Nueva Granada

Doctor en Ingeniería. Facultad de Ingeniería.

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