Evaluación de síntomas en niños y adolescentes con cáncer: revisión integrativa

Resumen

Los niños y adolescentes diagnosticados con cáncer se enfrentan a una serie de cambios en los diferentes aspectos de su vida, y experimentan múltiples síntomas físicos y psicosociales a causa de la enfermedad y su tratamiento, lo que afecta su calidad de vida y la de sus cuidadores. Objetivo: Indagar el estado del aspecto investigativo relacionado con la temática sobre evaluación de síntomas en niños y adolescentes con cáncer. Método: Revisión integrativa de la producción científica generada entre 2007 y 2018 en las bases de datos Embase, Ovid, Medline, Pubmed, Science Direct y Scielo en inglés, español y portugués. Se incluyeron 50 artículos que aportan información sobre evaluación de síntomas en población pediátrica con diagnóstico de cáncer. Resultados: Las investigaciones sobre herramientas que evalúan la manifestación de síntomas, adaptadas y validadas a población pediátrica son limitadas. Conclusiones: Los niños y adolescentes con cáncer presentan síntomas durante las distintas fases de la enfermedad y el tratamiento. Son escasos los estudios sobre estos síntomas en el contexto local, por tanto se requiere validar escalas específicas para esta población, describir los síntomas incluyendo variables clínicas y de calidad de vida percibidas que sirvan para orientar intervenciones oportunas en el manejo de los mismos.

Palabras clave: Niño, neoplasia, síntomas cancerígenos, enfermería oncológica, evaluación de síntomas.

Biografía del autor/a

Gloria Mabel Carrillo González, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Doctora en Enfermería, Magister en Enfermería. Posgrado en Cuidados oncológicos. Enfermera. Profesora Asociada Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Citas

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Cómo citar
Sepulveda Ramírez, J., & Carrillo González, G. M. (2019). Evaluación de síntomas en niños y adolescentes con cáncer: revisión integrativa. Revista Ciencia Y Cuidado, 16(3). https://doi.org/10.22463/17949831.1373

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Publicado
2019-09-01
Sección
Artículos de Revisión