Eliminación de refrigerantes de alto GWP en sistemas de refrigeración: Estado del proceso en Colombia

Phase-out of high GWP refrigerants in refrigeration systems: Status of process in Colombia

Contenido principal del artículo

Juan José García Pabón

Resumen

Este articulo pretende llamar la atención del público en general sobre los cambios que tendrán los sistemas de refrigeración y aire acondicionado en los fluidos refrigerantes HFCs, usados actualmente. HFCs son alternativas comúnmente usadas para sustancias que destruyen la capa de ozono. Si bien no son sustancias que destruyen la capa de ozono, los HFCs son gases de efecto invernadero, los cuales pueden tener muy altos potenciales de calentamiento global (GWP). Así, más de 150 países firmaron el acuerdo de Kigali en 2016, el cual estableció el fin de la producción y consumo de los HFCs. Este trabajo describe brevemente la problemática que rodea os HFCs e resume los fluidos considerados como alternativas para los principales HFCs usados en los sistemas de refrigeración, presentados en la literatura científica. Adicionalmente, el panorama y la actual situación del proceso de retirada de los HFC en Colombia es analizados.

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Referencias (VER)

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